Endodontics is the branch of dentistry which is concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic clinical sciences including biology of the normal pulp; the etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp: and associated periradicular conditions.
The scope of the special area of dental practice known as endodontics is defined by the educational requirements for the training of a specialist in the discipline. Thus defined, the scope of endodontics includes, but is not limited to, the differential diagnosis and treatment of oral pains of pulpal and/or periradicular origin; vital pulp therapy such as pulp capping and pulpotomy; root canal therapy such as pulpectomy, nonsurgical treatment of root canal systems with or without periradicular pathosis of pulpal origin, and the obturation of these root canal systems; selective surgical removal of pathological tissues resulting from pulpal pathosis, intentional replantation and replantation of avulsed teeth: surgical removal of tooth structure such as in apicoectomy, hemisection, and root amputation; endodontic implants, bleaching of discolored dentin and enamel (teeth); retreatment of teeth previously treated endodontically, and treatment procedures related to coronal restorations by means of post and/or cores involving the root canal space.
The endodontic specialist is responsible for the advancement of endodontic knowledge through research, the transmission of information concerning the most recent advances in biologically acceptable procedures and materials; and the education of the public as to the importance of endodontics in keeping the dentition in a physiologically functional state for the maintenance of oral and systemic health.